What is tourism???
So what is tourism?
-Temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay and the facilities created to meet their needs. (Mathieson and Wall in Gunn and Var (2002, p. 9)
Four different sectors of tourism (Macintosh and Goeldner, 2008).
- The tourist
- The businesses providing tourist goods and services
- The government of the host community
- The host community
According to the World Tourism Organization, “Sustainable Tourism Development meets the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future.”
Some key numbers according to the WTO website tourism accounts for 5% of direct global GDP, 235 millions jobs worldwide, 108 billion international tourist by 2030, 30% of the worlds exports of services, 980 million international tourists in 2011, and $1,03 billion US dollars generated by tourists.